Ten years ago, scientists discovered the Higgs boson and were able to use the Large Hadron Collider to help us understand our universe. They did it again in 2018, unleashing new insights into protons.
Now, hosting new questions, they are planning to restart the Particle Accelerator this month, perhaps to better understand the unknowns of the universe, such as dark matter.
“This is a particle that has answered some questions and many others for us,” Dr. Sarah Demars, a professor of physics at Yale University, told NPR.
The Higgs boson was first observed by scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) when the particles were rotated and collided near the speed of light. They did it with the Large Hadron Collider, the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator.
Since 1964, physicists have theorized that this particle exists, but it took nearly 50 years to find evidence.
Scientists believe that the Higgs field was formed in a billionth of a second after the Big Bang, without which stars, planets, and life would not have appeared.
Evidence of the existence of the Higgs boson is a major milestone in basic physics, with Dr. Francois Engrate and Dr. Peter Higgs receiving the Nobel Prize in Physics. Despite the scientific achievements, the work to understand how the universe works is not yet done.
Collider completed its second experiment in 2018, giving new insights into the structure of protons and the decay of the Higgs boson.
And after more than three years of maintenance and upgrades, the collider will be back on Tuesday. This time the data is tripled, keeping the strong beam longer and allowing more research in general.
“I can’t explain much around us, so there must be more,” said Demers, who is also working on a third run at CERN. .. “There’s something really big missing, and really big, we’re talking about 96 percent of the universe being really big.”
Demars refers to dark matter, which is believed to exist from observations of the universe, and dark energy, which promotes the accelerated expansion of the universe. She hopes that the next run will create insights into the elusive, but overwhelming majority of our universe.
In the news release, CERN wrote: “Finding answers to these and other interesting questions can help us not only gain a better understanding of the universe on a minimum scale, but also unravel some of the greatest mysteries of the entire universe. What is going on, and what is its ultimate fate? “
The third run is expected to continue for the next four years, and scientists have already begun work on Run 4, which is scheduled to begin in 2030.