In recent weeks, Russia has lost its first substantial foundation after the invasion of Ukraine began.
When Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an invasion in February, the Kremlin expected a swift takeover of Ukraine. However, Russia faced surprisingly strong resistance from the Ukrainians who have fought fiercely to protect their country.
As the invasion continues, Russian troops are primarily confined to the eastern part of Ukraine, including the Donbas region, a report released by the British Ministry of Defense on Sunday said: “Russia’s Donbus offensive has lost momentum and is significantly behind schedule.”
Maps released by the Ministry of Defense in recent weeks show exactly where Russia was defeated by Ukrainian troops.
At the end of March, Russia controlled most of the Ukrainian territory along the border, to the northwestern region of Kieu, the capital of Ukraine, and to the suburbs where Russian soldiers allegedly committed horrific war crimes in Bucha. It appeared a few days after this map was posted.
At that time, a wide range of Ukraine was also contested, including parts of northern Ukraine where Russian troops appeared to be heading for Kieu and the southern region near Mykolaiv.
A week later, on April 4, Russian troops withdrew mostly from the suburbs of Kieu, a big victory for Ukraine. Ukrainians have also regained the city of Chernihiv.
The Ukrainians won in northern Ukraine and in conflict advanced into the region adjacent to Russia’s main ally, Belarus. Much of that territory remained contested in early April.
Further south, Ukraine has reoccupied the area near Mykolaiv. It seems that the Russian army has abandoned its efforts to recapture it.
By April 11, the Ukrainians had regained most of the northeast, including the cities of Krolevets, Konostop and Romny. They also regained the disputed area along the border with Belarus. They also fought with areas previously owned by Russia around Kharkiv.
By April 18, Russia had expanded its dominance, especially in the areas it owned in Donbas, especially in the Luhansk region.
Ukraine has regained the western region of Kharkiv by April 25, but neither side has made significant progress in the rest of the country.
By May 2, Ukrainian troops had regained the area around Kramatorsk, a city of more than 150,000 people in Donetsk Oblast.
By the Victory Day of Russia, much of the territory of the country once held in Ukraine had been retaken, and Russia had made little progress in the Donbas region. The fighting was confined to the eastern border, and Ukraine robbed the land contested in Donbus, but neither side made much progress in the week leading up to Victory Day.
The latest updates from British intelligence show that Ukraine is making progress and appears to be regaining Kharkiv. Armies defending the area said on Sunday that they had pushed Russian troops back to the border. More land to the west of Donetsk is also currently being contested between the two countries.
Fighting continued in the east on Monday. Russian troops attempted to raid Sumy early Monday morning, but failed, according to the director of the Sumy Regional State Administration.